Conflict-Sensitive Programming

Are there reports available for the public?

After many years of practical application, "Do No Harm" has proved to be of added value when planning and implementing projects in situations of violent conflict. This is true for international as well as local organizations, for relief as well as for development projects, and in all stages of conflict. Surely, the approach itself has had to be adapted to different contexts. Some reports about the experience gained in that process are presented on this page.

Interesting Reading:
Reports on "Do No Harm" and other Conflict-Sensitive Approaches

LCPP in the Horn of Africa

Since 2001, the German Church Development Service (EED) has put lots of effort in making the "Do No Harm" approach available to its partners in Kenya, Ethiopia and South Sudan. The Local Capacities for Peace Project in the Horn of Africa worked from 2001 to 2005 with EED funding and another year with support from the Dutch Interchurch Organization for Development Cooperation (ICCO).

The final project reports of the Local Capacities for Peace Project in the Horn of Africa describe the processes of establishing such a liaison office, list all organizations with which the project had cooperated as well as all the local trainers who took up the approach, and reflect about the lessons learnt.

LCPP Final Project Reports

Name of Author: Rolf Grafe

Description: final report about "Local Capacities for Peace in the Horn of Africa" (EED project 2001-2005)


Version: 11/2006 (PDF; 238 KB; 28 pages)
download: LCPP - Horn of Africa 2005


Name of Author: Rolf Grafe

Description: final report about "Local Capacities for Peace in the Horn of Africa" (ICCO project 2005-2006)

Version: 05/2007 (PDF; 142 KB; 21 pages)
download: LCPP - Horn of Africa 2006

For the application of "Do No Harm" in Sudan, even more information is available. As a kind of ex-post evaluation, a study was commissioned through which data was collected in a systematic way on the question of how trainers had actually used their knowledge. The report gives valuable insights on the long-term effects of capacity-building initiatives and can serve as an example guiding future efforts aiming at establishing structures for the promotion of particular issues.

LCPP Tracer Study

Name of Author: Rolf Grafe

Description: study about the development of previous trainees on "Do No Harm" in Sudan

Version: 03/2008 (PDF; 283 KB; 28 pages)
download: Tracer Study Sudan

Similarly, activities in Ethiopia were assessed by CDA, specifically looking at the sustainability of the local network of trainers in that country.

Practical Experience from Ethiopia

Name of Authors: Erynn Carter & Isabella Jean

Description: reflective case study about the experience of EED and its partners with the introduction of "Do No Harm" in Ethiopia

Version: 04/2008 (PDF; 489 KB; 15 pages)
download: Experience from Ethiopia

Analysis of Conflict Situations

While exercises for the use of the "Do No Harm" approach in conflict analysis form part of every workshop and training, such analysis must also be an integral part of programming wherever an organization is operating in a context of conflict. Many development workers do this in an informal way as part of their daily duties. In other cases, the context analysis has been incorporated into the formal planning processes at the initial stages of a new project. Unfortunately, such analyses are rarely published, serving mainly as internal reflections to adjust programming decisions.

Occasionally, donor organizations are requesting a formal "Peace and Conflict Assessment" as a prerequisite for funding. Such documents provide interesting insights into local conflict dynamics and usually contain recommendations for the conflict-sensitive implementation of project activities. Since the respective studies are the property of the agencies commissioning such assessments, they can not easily be published on this website. For anybody interested in a particular study, we can try to get permission to share our findings.

We have conducted specific "Peace and Conflict Assessments" for the following areas:


Congo (RDC)


South Sudan


Evaluation Reports

Working in a situation of violent conflict requires specific attention to the impact that activities have on the respective context. Accordingly, we always put emphasis on such aspects whenever being assigned with a project evaluation, trying to find out what particular aspects of an intervention have brought people together or put them apart. In some cases, we even have run specific evaluations looking at the conflict sensitivity of programmes. Again, most evaluation reports are governed by confidentiality clauses and can only be shared after getting permission from the respective organizations. Below is a list of some of the most interesting reports:

Guinea Bissau





South Sudan