Conflict-Sensitive Programming

Activities of the Global "Do No Harm" Network

Our global network consists of more than 150 "Do No Harm" trainers, working in many countries of the world. Due to their activities, relief and development operations may become more sensitive to the respective contexts in which they are conducted and, hence, provide better results. Some of these activities are reflected here to show the diversity of efforts and the continuous increase of experience through working in different countries, applying different languages, adapting to different cultures and offering options for a variety of sectors.

Current Developments

News

Peace and Conflict Assessment in Cameroon

Following incidences of violent conflict, GIZ's "Support Programme for Municipal Development" in Cameroon had realized the importance of incorporating conflict sensitivity in its activities. Rolf Grafe and Richard Mbwaki have facilitated a three-days exposure workshop for the staff of the programme in Yaoundé, followed by a field visit to Garoua and to Buea as part of an assessment of the local context of conflict in two regions of the country. The study has shed light on land-use conflicts in the North and on the feelings of marginalization of the anglophone population in the South-West. It is planned to continue the process by offering further training to partner organizations next year.

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Demonstration Workshops in Kampala

At the end of their Training of Trainers, the nine fresh graduates have conducted three workshops in Kampala and have successfully demonstrated their new knowledge and skills. Participants from Advance Afrika, from ACFODE and from Tusitukirewamu have been introduced to "Do No Harm" and have all praised the excellent facilitation.

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Training of Trainers in Uganda

Nine new "Do No Harm" trainers have graduated from yet another Training of Trainers at the Ankrah Foundation in Mukono. For the first time, a candidate from Syria has taken the effort to travel to Uganda, which gives hope that we can better respond to the needs for training in the Middle East in future. The remaining participants have come from Rwanda, Burundi, Kenya, Ethiopia and Germany.

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"Do No Harm" for the German Civil Peace Service

For the fourth time in a row, Rolf Grafe has presented "Do No Harm" as part of a nine-month training course on peace and conflict work. This course is regularly offered by the Academy for Conflict Transformation in Königswinter. This year, participants have tried to apply the analysis of Dividers and Connectors on contexts in Kenya, Ethiopia, Colombia and France.

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Youth Participation in Political Debates in the Maghreb

The Swedish Fellowship of Reconciliation has worked on peace-building in the Maghreb region for more than fifteen years, particularly with regard to the Sahraoui refugees in Algeria. In recent years, it has been observed that the youth in all Maghreb countries has become more and more excluded from the political process, affected by high unemployment, lack of economic opportunities, growing insecurity and influences of religious extremism. In order to give a voice to this “silent youth”, two dialogue workshops have been facilitated by Naglaa Elhag in Tunis, bringing together participants from Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco and the Western Sahara.

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Deepening the Understanding of Contexts of Conflict

Conflict analysis has been the focus of a workshop conducted by Sophie Küspert-Rakotondrainy in Musanze / Northern Rwanda. In addition to the usual analytical tools of the "Do No Harm" approach, "systemic conflict analysis" has been presented to the participants as well as specific gender aspects in local conflicts and the analysis of risks. Participants have been extremely attentive and have excelled with their performance in particular role plays.

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"Do No Harm" Workshops in Eastern Congo

Following the assessment conducted five months earlier, Rolf Grafe and Serge Lungele have returned to Goma and Bukavu to further increase the local knowledge about conflict-sensitive programming. A follow-up workshop for project staff and two three-days exposure workshops for local partner organizations in North Kivu and in South Kivu have laid the foundation for the inclusion of conflict sensitivity into the activities of the "Solutions for Peace and Recovery" project.

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Clean City - Pink Lake

The needs of the growing human population in Nakuru and the effects this has on Lake Nakuru National Park have been in the centre of a feasibility study finally to be presented to project stakeholders. The German government is planning to invest considerable resources on the provision of drinking water and on sewage treatment in order to demonstrate that it is indeed possible to protect the natural environment of a National Park in the immediate vicinity of a fast-growing town. Rolf Grafe and John Okanga had contributed to this feasibility study by analysing the local context of conflict and the institutional capacities. Let's hope for a future of the flamingos in the "pink lake"!

For more information on this project, visit www.clean-nakuru.org Go to project website

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Water Resources in Somaliland

Preparations are underway for a project addressing water supply and basic sanitation in Hargeisa as well as sustainable land management in the rural surroundings of Somaliland's capital. CES has requested Rolf Grafe to facilitate a "Progress Review Workshop", meant to balance the different views of the various stakeholders involved.

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"Do No Harm" in Rural Parts of Rwanda

As part of the "Vulnerable Women Programme", CARE International in Rwanda has decided to take up conflict sensitivity seriously. Following a first briefing of senior staff in the capital Kigali, the approach should now be cascaded down to the rural areas. Halima Shuria has accompanied Janvier Kubwimana and Ernestine Uwamwezi and mentored them during their first workshop at field level.

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Solutions for Peace and Recovery in Eastern Congo

The general situation in North and South Kivu is marked by scarcity of public services and wide-spread violence around issues of land ownership, land use, political leadership, access to resources and ethnic differences. Promoting community development in such a context appears to be a huge task for programme planners. Believing that the knowledge of the local context is absolutely essential for the implementation of activities, Management Systems International - as one of the organizations of a consortium implementing the "Solutions for Peace and Recovery" Project - has commissioned a "Do No Harm" assessment. Together with Marie Pace, a peace-building expert from the United States, four "Do No Harm" trainers have taken part in this assessment which has covered Walikale and Masisi in North Kivu and Bukavu and Kabare in South Kivu. Rolf Grafe, Eunice Obala, Richard Mbwaki and Serge Lungele have spent more than a month in Eastern Congo for this purpose.

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Developing a Common Vision for Nakuru

Six months after starting the work on a feasibility study for the "Lake Nakuru Biodiversity Conservation Project", Rolf Grafe and John Okanga have moderated a "Visioning Workshop" for CES (Consulting Engineers Salzgitter) on the shores of Lake Elementaita. Based on technical suggestions from the various experts involved and on own findings about the institutional capacities and the context of conflict, relevant stakeholders from water service providers, waste management planners and wildlife institutions as well as from local authorities and the civil society came together to agree on a common vision for the planned project. Discussions finally resulted in a new slogan: "Clean City - Pink Lake".

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Host Population and Refugees in Eastern Cameroon

As a result of the initial training provided to GIZ staff three years earlier, conflict-sensitive planning has been integrated into the "Programme Appui aux Populations Hôtes et aux Réfugiés", dealing with the influx of refugees from the Central African Republic into the Eastern Region of Cameroon. Dominique Habimana has facilitated a four-days workshop for project staff and local authorities, analysing the positive and negative effects of individual programming decisions on the local context and discussing options for the future.

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Training on Conflict Sensitivity for the German Civil Peace Service

The annual training courses for future peace practitioners, offered by the Academy for Conflict Transformation in Königswinter, have put additional emphasis on the "Do No Harm" approach in 2017. This has resulted in a complete overhaul of the respective pages in the online manual and in a two-days training exclusively devoted to conflict sensitivity. This training, provided by Rolf Grafe, has not only covered the theoretical aspects of "Do No Harm" but also tried to apply the concept on case studies from various parts of Germany.

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The "Do No Harm" Framework in Spanish

Translation of material is an on-going task, to which a big number of volunteers have already contributed. The most recent result is the translation of the framework into Spanish, provided by Judith Kettner. This is the 10th version of the framework already, hopefully being utilized by our colleagues in Latin America. For more information, see "Material / Documents".
go to: Material / Documents

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Arabic Manual for QRCS

The Qatar Red Crescent Society intends to make conflict sensitivity an integral part of its planning and implementation procedures. Work has started on the production of a manual in Arabic meant to help staff in the various countries of operation to apply the "Do No Harm" approach and some additional peace-building tools in practice. During one week of consultations in Kaub / Germany, outline and content have been agreed upon, and the first chapters have been written by Siham Fayad from Palestine and Leila Bendra from Morocco. The draft manual is expected to be available mid of September.

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Exposure Workshops in Gambela

The Norwegian organization NMS has been active again in organizing two workshops in the Ethiopian State of Gambela, each lasting three days. Participants came from two church partners, the Anglican Church of Ethiopia and the Ethiopian Evangelical Church Mekane Yesus. Gambela is bordering South Sudan and currently harbours thousands of refugees fleeing from the violence in their home country. In addition, local people have been affected by deep-rooted tensions among various ethnic groups and by feelings of being marginalized by the highland population of Ethiopia. Sophie Küspert-Rakotondrainy has facilitated the two workshops together with Grace Kiden Wani from South Sudan.

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Updated Version of the "Do No Harm" Brochure

DoNoHarmBrochure 2nd Edition

Seven years after the first publication, stocks of the yellow "Do No Harm" brochure have been almost depleted - time for a reprint! The second edition has been updated and does contain four pages more than the original version. This has given us the opportunity to provide more explanations on Effects of Resource Transfers and on Implicit Ethical Messages and to add the potential positive messages that can also be transferred alongside project implementation. Furthermore, one page has been added on networking.

For more information, see "Material / For Implementers".
go to: Material / For Implementers

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Demonstration Workshops in Uganda

Immediately after finalizing their Training of Trainers, the new group of "Do No Harm" trainers has facilitated three simultaneous orientation workshops in the Ugandan capital. The three host organizations, which were the Adventist Relief and Development Agency, Oxfam and Horizont 3000, had invited staff and partners from all parts of Uganda as well as from Kenya and Tanzania. Reactions of participants in all three workshops have been extremely positive, seeing not only the relevance of "Do No Harm" for their work but also praising the high level of moderation and the team spirit of the three facilitation teams.

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Training of Trainers in Uganda

The demand for skilled trainers has still not been satisfied, and so we often receive requests for workshops in French or in Arabic. West Africa and, even more, the Middle East are still lacking a sufficient number of trainers. So, it has been high time to organize another Training of Trainers, taking place in the second half of May 2017 in Uganda. Unfortunately, the event has been strongly affected by some late withdrawals, and it is disappointing that this has meant that there will not be any improvement with regard to the lack of trainers in the Middle East. A missed opportunity! Still, 13 candidates have registered, coming from Uganda, Kenya, Djibouti, Rwanda, Congo, South Sudan, Nigeria and Norway. Djibouti and Nigeria are being represented for the first time.

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The "Do No Harm" brochure in Arabic

DoNoHarmBrochure Arabic

Previous experience with the French and the Somali editions of the "Do No Harm" brochure had already revealed that it is not so easy to translate the specific terminology of the approach into other languages. After putting a considerable amount of work into this assignment and after long debates about the right formulation of terms, however, the newest publication is out: The "Do No Harm brochure in Arabic. Thanks to Naglaa Elhag and to Siham Fayad!

For more information, see "Material / For Implementers".
go to: Material / For Implementers

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Biodiversity Conservation of Lake Nakuru National Park

The German government has agreed on a cooperation with the Kenyan authorities in Nakuru, where the existence of a growing town of about 600,000 inhabitants right next to a national park poses specific challenges for the environment. With funding from KfW, a future project should develop a new vision for an environmentally sound development of Nakuru town that would benefit from the unique habitat of the lake next door. As the iconic flamingoes of Lake Nakuru have all left due to the changes in the water level, it is high time to do something, and so wildlife experts and engineers dealing with water, sewage and solid waste have all joined hands to develop a feasibility study for a long-term intervention. Rolf Grafe and John Okanga are looking at the institutional aspects and are trying to make sure that all activities will be planned in a conflict-sensitive way.

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Workshop for partners from South Sudan

After the renewed outbreak of violence in Juba in the summer months of 2016, the Swedish Fellowship of Reconciliation had been forced to postpone a planned "Do No Harm" training for their partners, which eventually has taken place in neighbouring Uganda in February 2017. In cooperation with another Swedish agency, Läkarmissionen, and with the Organization for Non-Violence and Development (ONAD), the workshop has brought together peace-building activists and humanitarian workers from South Sudan and their international partners from Sweden. Rolf Grafe and Grace Kiden Wani have facilitated the four-days event, during which participants have analysed five different contexts in South Sudan and reflected about the impact of their operations. Remarks in the evaluation at the end of the workshop have hinted at the fact that the selection of a venue outside of the country has been very helpful in creating an atmosphere in which everybody has felt free to speak about sensitive issues.

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The "Do No Harm" Framework in Amharic

We are very proud to have the framework now available in nine languages. Sophie Küspert-Rakotondrainy and her colleague Bereket Kahsay Shumye have translated the terminology of the "Do No Harm" approach into Amharic, the official language of Ethiopia. This is a very important step for the dissemination of conflict-sensitive programming in this country and will allow us to conduct workshops for local staff and partners, who very often are not too familiar with English. For more information, see "Material / Documents".
go to: Material / Documents